The European Union works on projects fully accessible to all institutions, companies and universities, as it is 100% transparent. In addition, environmental information is the basis on which policies are constructed. Then, several resources are available:
- European Environmental Agency (EEA). In charge of improving the environment, integrating environmental considerations into economic policies and moving towards sustainability. In cooperation with the The European environment information and observation network (Eionet), it generates common contents of data, information, and infrastructure and tools to analyze the environment.
- Portal: https://www.eionet.europa.eu/ and more specifically, spatial datasets are available in: https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/wise-eionet-spatial-3
- The network is also supported by European Topic Centers (ETCs). These are centres of thematic expertise. https://www.eionet.europa.eu/etcs
- Eurostat: provides a range of statistics and accounts about the state of the environment and the drivers. The database stores all type of information within Europe: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main/data/database
- The Joint Research Center (JRC) and the Insitute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) provides scientific and technical support to the European Union’s policies for the protection and sustainable development of the European and global environment. It monitors the environment at the European and global level (climate change, hydrology, agriculture, forests, pollution of soil, air and water, etc.). A list of tools and databases is provided: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/scientific-tools. The JRC also has a data catalogue classified in different collections: https://data.jrc.ec.europa.eu/. It is possible to search by Keywords, for example: GIS digital format, coastal environment, processes, etc. The JRC also operates the Operationalization of natural Capital and Ecosystem Services (OpenNESS). http://www.openness-project.eu/node/58
- The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organization with 22 member states and external countries. This agency is in charge of different satellite missions, divided into science missions (Earth Explorers, currently on orbit: SMOS, CRYOSAT, SWARM and AEOLUS), operational missions (Sentinels) and meteorological missions (MetOp, for instance). In total, since 2014, there are 80 satellites. The remote sensing technology is improving more and more each year and specially the data infrastructures. Currently, there is a portal with access to data of current missions which the Ground Segments distribute. https://earth.esa.int/eogateway/ and https://www.copernicus.eu/en/accessing-data-where-and-how/conventional-data-access-hubs. It is very important to keep updated in the ESA innovations for Earth Observation. There are many publications on youtube, one of the latest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BIQbz6uh2ds